If you have learned to love bow hunting smaller game, the thought of trying out your skills and expertise on larger game surely crossed your mind as well. If you wish to hunt larger game, you may have to learn a thing or two about your equipment specifications, as well differences between the various categories of big game. There are three major categories of big game: thin hide and light bones, thick hide and heavy bones and extremely tough skin. White tailed deer, black bears, caribous or leopards are considered thin hide game. As reported by Huntingexpert.org, Bison, grizzly bears, moose or elks are considered thick hide game, while elephants or rhinos are considered tough skinned game.
If you have no experience with big game hunting, you shouldn’t try to kill tough or even thick-skinned game first. You should start with thin hide game. There are some rules to hunting big game that you will have to learn as well. First of all, you should be aware that even though you are hunting larger game and you will be able to hit it easier, if it spots you, you won’t be able to make an efficient hit. Knowing when to come to a full draw without catching the attention of your prey takes some practice, but you will master it quickly. Learning the best kill shot angles is also of utmost importance. Once you hit your game, remain calm, even if it’s your first big game shot. You should be sure on whether or not your hit was efficient. If the animal doesn’t fall immediately, you should wait for at least 15 to 20 minutes if you are sure you hit the heart or the lungs. Once the time has passed, start searching for the animal – follow the blood trail and never abandon the last sign if you haven’t found a new one. If you lost trace, do a grid search.
The killing efficiency of your equipment is determined by the kinetic energy that your bow and arrow can produce. Even though many like to determine the efficiency based on the draw weight, this is a poor choice. The design of the broadhead is very important in the equation, as well as its sharpness. The kinetic energy of your arrow is measured in foot-pounds and it’s determined upon impact. The weight of the arrow and its speed are the two determinants of foot-pound of energy it can deliver and its penetration power.
The speed of the arrow is affected by many factors: its weight, draw weight, string and cable material, cam configuration, let off percentage and more. The weight of the arrow includes the whole arrow. If the arrow is heavier, it will deliver more energy. The arrow speed is measured when it’s one yard away from the bow. If you multiply this with the weight of the arrow and divide by 450,240, you will get the kinetic energy it delivers upon impact in foot-pounds. The most efficient range to kill thin hide animals is 25-39 foot-pounds of energy. Thick hide animals require more – 40 to 80 foot-pounds of energy, while the largest (extremely though skinned) game will require 80 to 129.